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The Clery Act, Campus Save Act, and VAWA Amendments

Violence Against Women Act, Clery Act, & Title IX


How the Campus SAVE provision affects all three bodies of law

Title IX

Clery Act

Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

Enacted in 1972 as part of larger educational package by the federal government. Pertinent provision requires that no person, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance. Because the language of the law is very brief and raised more questions than it answered, then President Nixon assigned the Dept. of Education to be in charge of resolving questions and giving schools guidance on how to comply. The Dept. of Education occasionally issues directives or letters to schools providing them with guidance. The most recent guidance became law on August 14, 2020 and our policy is based on this most recent guidance. It can be found here. Enacted in 1990 to require all schools receiving federal monies to collect and publish information about crime occurring on campus. Schools must publish a yearly report of all crimes reported and must immediately notify students of any reported attacks when they occur on campus. A copy of our Annual Security and Fire Safety Report is located here. Federal law definitions (and NOT the state of Missouri penal code) determines what constitutes a crime.




Enacted in 1994 to raise awareness of domestic violence and assault crimes against women. Some of its provisions mandated that states create separate criminal statutes for domestic violence, provided additional protections to victims like quicker access to restraining orders, ability to break housing contracts without penalty, and provided funding for safe houses. It has been updated and modified numerous times, most notably to expand the coverage to include all humans (men, transgender, transsexual, etc.)




Title IX applies only to institutions of higher education. The Clery Act applies only to institutions of higher education. VAWA applies to everyone in America.


How do these laws overlap and work together?

VAWA was updated (again) in 2013 with changes to become effective Oct. 1, 2014. One of the updates is the Campus SAVE provision which modifies the Clery Act by putting  requirements on schools about what to report and how to report it. The implementation of VAWA’s SAVE provision and the Clery reporting requirements must comply with Title IX’s equal protection clauses.

What does the SAVE provision require the College to do?

Provide educational training on sex assault and similar topics to all  students and employees, create written procedures and methods for reporting and handling on campus sex crimes, and include additional types of crimes in Clery reports.

What are the educational requirements for colleges under the SAVE provision?

All  students and  employees must go through a training seminar that must include:

  • A statement that the college prohibits these offenses
  • Define the offenses per Missouri Law
  • Define consent with reference to sexual offenses under Missouri Law
  • “Safe and positive” options for bystander intervention that someone may take to “prevent harm or intervene” in risky situations
  • How to recognize signs of abusive behavior and how to avoid potential attacks
  • Ongoing prevention and awareness campaigns for students and faculty on all of the above


What reporting requirements were added to Clery by SAVE?

  • Schools must notify victim about how to seek assistance from law and campus authorities, AND
  • Notify victims of their rights and the institution’s responsibilities regarding judicial no-contact, restraining, and protective orders, AND
  • Prescribe clear standards for investigating and conducting student discipline hearings on domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, and sexual assault cases.

What are the  Clery investigation and conduct hearing standards required by SAVE?

  • College must have a stated “standard of evidence”. The implication from the OCR guidance letter is that the standard should be “preponderance of the evidence.” Preponderance of the evidence means it is more likely to be true than not true.
  • Hearing/conduct officers must be trained to handle the investigation and hearing in a manner that “protects the safety of victims” and “promotes accountability”
  • Must identify “sanctions or protective measures” the institution will impose after making a final determination of rape, acquaintance rape, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking • Hearing must be open to both parties (accused and accuser) and each party can bring an advisor of their choice
  • Notices must be simultaneously to both parties of the outcome, appeal procedures, any changes to the result, and when it become final
  • Mandates that written procedures exist to protect victim’s confidentiality and record keeping will exclude personally identifiable info on victims

What crimes were added to Clery reporting statistics by the SAVE provision?

  • Adds two groups to the Hate crimes section of Clery: national origin and gender identity
  • Creates a category of reportable offenses which include domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking
  • Prohibits schools from releasing the victim’s name, but does not bar colleges from identifying the accused.
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